Knowledge

What are the desktop 3D printer consumables?



This article summarizes the printing materials that can be used on personal/desktop 3D printers to see which consumables can be printed on commercially available personal/desktop 3D printers. In addition, the article will be attached with some other printed materials that have been commercialized or are expected to be commercialized in the near future.


1. Personal / desktop 3D printing supplies:

ABS: The scientific name is acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene, which can be extruded and laminated to form a strong product. In general, printing of this material requires a heated platform and a heated chamber to prevent warpage during printing. It can be post-processed with acetone. In theory, ABS should be higher in strength than PLA, but the parameters and wire quality in the printing process largely determine the strength of the product.


PLA (polylactic acid): It is a derivative of plant starch. Many properties are similar to ABS, but more brittle than ABS. There is no need to use a heating platform because it rarely curls when cooled, and the fan can improve print quality. The smell is better than ABS and biodegradable.


PC (polycarbonate): low warpage, high strength and more flexible than ABS. Only extrusion temperature requirements are higher than PLA and ABS, and some personal 3D printers do not.


Nylon: More flexible, no need to heat the platform or fan to get a more detailed print surface finish. Taulman3D in the US and 3ntr in Italy can produce such wires.


LayWoo-d3: A combination of recycled wood and polymeric binder that prints a wire similar to wood. The curling degree is low when printing, and after printing, it can be drilled and cut like wood. So whether it looks, touches it, it smells like real wood.


LayBrick: A blend of natural mineral fillers (superfine ground white soil) and non-toxic polyester. LayBrick prints are similar in texture to stone. Can be used to make building models that can be sanded without the need for a heated platform.


BendLay: LabyWoo-D3 and LabyBrick's manufacturer Orbi-Tech's improved version of ABS claims to be highly transparent and flexible. Orbi-Tech recommends that BendLay should be used in places where ABS is too hard and the flexible PLA (soften PLA) is not tight enough. BendLay is not easy to curl up, and manufacturers claim that this wire is safe for food and can be used in food packaging and medical equipment.


2. Other types of printed materials

Food: Foods with a creamy consistency can be used for printing, such as chocolate, cheese, sugar, etc., and can be printed by a syringe-type extrusion nozzle.


The desktop printer from Hyrel 3D of the United States claims to be able to use EMO-25 (Emulsifiable Extruder, an emulsifiable material extruder) produced by the company. The extruder can print some self-hardening materials such as clay, plasticine and culture. Le colorful mud, RTV silicone, and Sugru rubber.


Other types of printing materials currently being developed for Z Corp printers are: paper, cement, salt, wood, and the like. These materials will be used to print furniture and ultimately be used in the printing of houses and building components. The D-printer prints large cement configurations and is primarily used to repair and build buildings.